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theories and related literature. Although archaeology has yet to discover concrete connections between the various successive states of what is today Nigeria, oral traditions, such as those in the Kingdom of Benin (13-19th century CE), located just to the east of Oyo, tell of a king of Ife who not only sent a prince to rule other areas of the region but also sent a mast… Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. During Alaafin Labisi’s reign, the old Oyo Empire, also known as Oyo-Ile, became so powerful and earned the respect of other kingdoms in Yorubaland. History Of The Oyo Empire - Culture (2) - Nairaland. Below are the kings who had ruled one of the greatest empire in history. The Oyo forged an empire thanks to their formidable cavalry units and so came to dominate other Yoruba peoples of the region. Ancient History Encyclopedia. The kingdom of Oyo, also known as the Oyo Empire, is a West African monarchy, that at its peak, covered 270,000 square kilometres (1). Culture, Politics, and Money Among the Yoruba, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. The Oyo empire grew to be the largest of the Yoruba states, it rose through the outstanding organisational and administratyive skill of the Yoruba people. Oranmiyan was a very brave and warlike king. The authority on Yoruba history, Professor Jacob Festus Adeniyi … take a new look at the history of the Oyo Empire in the 18th century, and question the old view. There are many myths and legends associated with the foundation of the Empire and the infiltration of Oduduwa into Ile-Ife. Consequently, the kingdom expanded to include areas of the southwest and, in the savannah to the north, it acquired territory from its neighbours the Borgu and Nupe states. c.1210– ORANYAN (Oranmiyan) Oyo-Ile was founded. The power of Oyo was already growing by the end of the century, however, thanks to the alaafin Orompoto, who used the wealth derived from trade to establish a cavalry force and to maintain a trained army. Early in the 16th century Oyo was a minor state, powerless before its northern neighbours Borgu and Nupe—by whom it was conquered in 1550. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Oyo-empire, Oyo Kingdom - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Oyo Empire - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Early in the 16th century Oyo was a minor state, powerless before its northern neighbours Borgu and Nupe—by whom it was conquered in 1550. The documented history of the Yoruba people begins with the Oyo Empire, which became dominant in the early 17th century. His successor, Alaafin Awole, inherited local revolts, an administration tenuously maintained by a complex system of public service, and a decline in the power of tributary chiefs. Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. At present very little is known about the early history of the state. The Ancient History of the Old Oyo Empire. Oyo Empire (1600-1836) was a Yoruba empire, located in present day Nigeria and Benin. The Oyo Empire was the largest and the most powerful of the "forest states" of West Africa. The same was true for the Ekiti who dwelt in the hills bordering the far northern stretch of Oyo lands. It began in the 1300s in the West African savannah north of the tropical forests where other Yoruba peoples lived. The Oyo Empire was a Yoruba empire, and the Largest empire ever existed in West Africa, occupying most of what’s is today Southern Nigeria, expanding its territory to the nearby Republic of Benin. History has it that the empire was created by Oranmiyan, the grandson of Oduduwa,. The Oyo Empire (1600 … Oyo subjugated the kingdom of Dahomey in the west in two phases (1724–30, 1738–48) and traded with European merchants on the coast through the port of Ajase (now Porto-Novo). 24 Dec 2020. The Oyo provided the necessary command infrastructures to organize the movement of slaves from Africa's interior to the coast. The older traditions of the formerly dominant Ile-Ife kingdom are largely oral in nature. Its inhabitants are mostly of the Yoruba people, and its ceremonial ruler is the Alaafin of Oyo. During the 17th century, Oyo began a long stretch of growth, becoming a major empire. It is worth noting that although Old Oyo collapsed in 1830's, The Alaffin of Oyo was still recognized by some Yoruba states like Ibadan as the nominal head of all the former parts of the empire (sort of how the Japanese emperor was head of the state in Shogunate Japan but had little real influence) although in reality the Alaffin wielded little power outside his city. The Oyo Empire flourished for over three hundred years. Below are the kings who had ruled one of the greatest empire in history. Oyo empire, Yoruba state north of Lagos, in present-day southwestern Nigeria, that dominated, during its apogee (1650–1750), most of the states between the Volta River in the west and the Niger River in the east. The Old Oyo Empire was a vast and powerful force in the history of the Yoruba’s and Nigeria as a whole. Although the Fulani intrusion into Ilorin largely contributed to the collapse of the. ISBN 0-333-59957-8 . Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. By the late 16th century CE, the Portuguese were joined by the British, French, and Dutch, eager to obtain a slice of the lucrative regional trade. The role, position, and relevance of the Alaafins in the colonial and postcolonial arrangement have equally proved remarkable in nation-building and … Oranmiyan founded the Oyo nation after he had established the bini dynasty, making him the first Alaafin (ruler) of the Oyo kingdom. Law, Robin(1977). Although the Oyo did not form many large towns of note, rulers were able to forge a small empire thanks to their fearsome cavalry and archers - both a result of their commercial tentacles reaching as far north as the trans-Saharan trade routes. The Oyo Empire was a powerful Yoruba state in the modern country of Nigeria. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Dr Catel discusses the yoruba people, in particular the Oyo empire. In return, the Oyo received European goods which they could use themselves or trade with neighbouring states. The consequence of this political decline for the Yoruba peoples was catastrophic as they had largely avoided being made slaves up to that point but were now by far the majority of those captured and shipped to the Americas until the slave trade ended here in the 1850s CE. Updates? This second state became preeminent among all Yoruba states because of its favourable trading position, its natural resources, and the industry of its inhabitants. Nairaland Forum / Nairaland / General / Culture / History Of The Oyo Empire (34116 Views) Lies About Oyo Empire / Yoruba's After The Fall Of Oyo Empire / Oyo Empire - 1300CE (2) Re: History Of The Oyo Empire by sammyjay3(m): 1:50pm On Jul 03, 2014; koastar: Where are you getting your history from? https://www.ancient.eu/Oyo_Empire/. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Established in the 15th century, the Oyo Empire grew to become one of the largest West African states. The Oyo Empire might have achieved regional dominance but a much bigger power was slowly moving itself into position far to the north. Being in the savannah proved beneficial, as Oyo could use horses, which were unable to live farther south (due to the tsetse fly). As Oyo’s wealth increased, so did its leaders’ political options; some wished to concentrate on amassing wealth, while others advocated the use of wealth for territorial expansion. It was the most important and authoritative of all the early Yoruba principalities. Please support Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation. The Oyo benefitted most from the savannah regions, which facilitated easy movement and trade contacts with neighbouring states. There was constant friction throughout the 18th century CE between those who wanted peaceful trade and those who favoured military expansion. It's beginnings and structure. History of Africa. It expanded from the 16th to the 18th century to become the Oyo Empire, reaching its peak (around 47570km2) in the middle of the 18th century. Related Content Omissions? He was the son of Oduduwa. Revised 2nd ed. THE OLD OYO EMPIRE From the 12th to the Late 18th century, the Oyo Empire grew to become the largest in West African. Thus, until the collapse of the Oyo empire in the early 19th century, its dominance and commercial links with different parts of the world provided the basis for stability that protected Yorubaland from aggression or untoward experiences. Oyo never encompassed all Yoruba-speaking people, but it was the most populous kingdom in Yoruba history. Oyo rose to become the most important city state, surpassing Ife during the 1300s. A map of the Oyo Empire which flourished in what is today southern Nigeria from the 17th to 19th century CE. "Oyo Empire." The Oyo Empire flourished from the 17th to 19th century CE in what is today southwest Nigeria. According to traditions, Oyo derived from a great Yoruba ancestor and hero, Oduduwa, who likely migrated to Ile-Ife and whose son became the first alaafin (alafin), or ruler, of Oyo. According to Wikipedia, the Oyo Empire was the Empire of Yoruba of what is now Western, northern central Nigeria and the northern part of the Fon kingdom in the present Benin Republic.Oyo was founded in the 15th century and became one of the largest West African kingdoms (states). Oyo art in general displays a striking resemblance to that of Ife and Benin. THE OYO EMPIRE. It stretched from parts of the Republic of Benin in the west to the southwest of the Federal Republic of Nigeria in the east. History has it in profile that Alaafin Labisi collected tributes from faraway kingdoms of Dahomey, Popo and Ashanti even though his reign was very short, and more than half of the kingdoms and villages in Yorubaland (over 6000) fell under the political umbrella of … Unlike other Yoruba states, which were located in the forest area, Oyo was situated in woodland savannah. Linguistic evidence suggests that two waves of immigrants came into Yorubaland between 700 and 1000, the second settling at Oyo in the open country north of the Guinea forest. …century the northernmost Yoruba kingdom, Oyo, began to turn away from its traditional rivalry with the adjacent savanna kingdoms of Nupe and Borgu and to use its cavalry to assert control of the trade routes through the open country southwestward to the small Aja states on the coast in which…, At Oyo the traditional town chiefs, who commanded the army of the capital, converted the kings into puppets during the 1750s and ’60s. Culture is the totality of knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors shared by … Oranmiyan was the first king and the founder of the Oyo empire. The Oyo eventually succumbed to the expanding Islamic states to the north, and by the mid-19th century CE, the empire had disintegrated into small rival chiefdoms. There were two main reasons why the slave trade centred here: firstly it was one of the most densely populated areas of Africa reachable by the Europeans, and secondly, the Oyo Empire, and to an even greater extent the Kingdom of Dahomey, provided the necessary command infrastructures to organize the movement of slaves from the interior to the coast. These invasions, reaching ever further south by the 19th century CE, caused severe disruption to Oyo’s trade and highlighted the inherent weakness in the Oyo political setup. This difference was not resolved until the alaafin Abiodun (reigned c. 1770–89) conquered his opponents in a bitter civil war and pursued a policy of economic development based primarily on the coastal trade with European merchants. He was the son of Oduduwa. About 1774 they gave the throne to a king, Abiodun, who escaped from their control and used provincial forces to establish royal authority…. The Oyo Kingdom, as with other states of the Yoruba people in the southern coastal area of West Africa (modern Nigeria), claimed descent from an exiled king of Ife (11-15th century CE). Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. The principal settlements of the Oyo were in and around Ife, the old capital of the Ife Kingdom, Old Oyo (aka Oyo Ile or Katunga), Kusu and Igboho. Oyo Empire. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. After quarrelling … Cite This Work Oyo and Dahomey were at war between 1726 and 1730 CE, a conflict which the Oyo Empire eventually won. It has increased due to the excellent organizational and administrative capacities of the … Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. It rose through the outstanding organizational and administrative skills of the Yoruba people, wealth gained from trade and its powerful cavalry. 2.1 ELEMENT OF CULTURAL HERITAGE IN OYO The concept of heritage connotes legacy from the past, what people live with today, and what they intend passing on to the future generations. The little that is known is gleaned mostly from Yoruba legends and traditions. The origins Of Oyo lie with … Oyo like all African states on the coast engage in the slave trade. by UN Photo/Harandane Dicko (CC BY-NC-ND). Through this process of cultural transfer, the Oyo inherited a long cultural tradition which stretched right back the Nok Culture of ancient Nigeria (5th century BCE to 2nd century CE). Interestingly, the Oyo also took cultural ideas, not just land from its rivals, notably adopting the prominent ancestor worship of the Nupe into their own religious practices. This situation and the loose control of vassal states meant that the Oyo Empire was really a house of cards awaiting the winds of change. "Oyo Empire." Oranmiyan made an agreement with his brother to launch a punitive raid on the northern neighbors for insulting their father Oba Oduduwa the first Ooni of lfe. Written by Mark Cartwright, published on 02 April 2020 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Web. The Fulani pressure on the northern Yoruba states resulted in a southward population movement, which generated most of the civil wars that plagued Yorubaland throughout the 19th century and completed the disintegration of the Oyo Empire. As with the states which prospered throughout the second millennium CE in the region, the Oyo Empire exploited local resources such as okra, yams, dates, palm oil, and fish. The Nupe did conquer Old Oyo around 1535 CE and held onto it until the Oyo kings regained it around 1610 CE. In oral traditions, the founder of the Oyo state was one Oranmiyan (aka Oranyan), son of Oduduwa, the founder of Ife. The 18th century CE had already seen an expansion of the northern Islamic states who had embarked on a holy war to spread their faith. April 21, 2020 Skillz ARTICLES 0. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Oyo_Empire/. Wooden Figure, Oyo Empireby The British Museum (CC BY-NC-SA). (Oladayo, 2013). The Oyo Kingdom, as with other states of the Yoruba people in the southern coastal area of West Africa (modern Nigeria), claimed descent from an exiled king of Ife (11-15th century CE). License. The power of Oyo was already growing by the end of the century, however, thanks to the alaafin Orompoto, who used the wealth derived from trade to establish a cavalry force and to maintain a trained army. Oyo Empire(1600-1836) was a Yoruba empire, located in present day Nigeria and Benin. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. The major … Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. Mark is a history writer based in Italy. His special interests include pottery, architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in common. Page 1 of 50 - About 500 essays. Library of Congress Card #66-24317. Cartwright, Mark. They re-established Oyo as more centralized and expansive than ever. This electronic bookcontains fifty (50) pages of History about Lanlate, one of the oldest, most noble and popular towns in Oyo State dating back to the era of the Old Oyo Empire” (Oyo-Ile). Professor I.A. Ancient History Encyclopedia. The decline was exacerbated by quarrels between the alaafin and his advisers; it continued throughout the 18th century and into the 19th, when Oyo began to lose control of its trade routes to the coast. The first Oni of Ife was Oduduwa who gave birth to … The people created a government that established its power over a vast empire. Ogbomoso stands at the confluence of several historical juncture, from Yoruba to Nigeria. Books The Oyo did not have everything their own way, however, as groups like the Ijesha inhabited forested areas where the Oyo cavalry could not be used effectively and the dangerous tsetse fly was present. History of Oyo Town and Oyo Empire Oyo is a city in Oyo State, Nigeria, founded as the capital of the Oyo Kingdom in the 1830s and known to its people as 'New Oyo' (Ọyọ Atiba) to distinguish it from the former capital to the north, 'Old Oyo' (Ọyọ-Ile), which had been deserted as a result of rumors of war. Oyo empire was a yoruba empire covering distance over the southwest zone and the western half of northcentral zone of the today Nigeria. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Akinjogbin, the emeritus Professor of History put the situation as follows: “Up to about 1780, the Oyo Empire remained at the peak of its military strength. Oyo Empire. Oyo was invaded by the newly risen Fon of Dahomey, and soon after 1800 it was captured by militant Fulani Muslims from Hausaland in the northeast. The Oyo Empire, with its capital at Old Oyo near the Niger River, prospered on regional trade and became a central facilitator in moving slaves from Africa’s interior to the coast and waiting European sailing ships. Corrections? Oyo rose to become the most important city state, ... A History of West Africa. 191,192. He was said to have headed his brothers (other Yoruba kings) on an abortive expedition to the east to avenge the death of their father. The old Oyo empire was a powerful force in the history of the yoruba race. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 02 Apr 2020. From 1450 CE, the region prospered thanks to trade with such northern states as Hausaland (15-19th century CE) and, to the south, with Portuguese sailing vessels that plied the coast of West Africa. The Kingdom of Benin, located in the southern forests of West Africa... West Africa was one of the world’s greatest producers of... Salt from the Sahara desert was one of the major trade goods of... A map indicating the major ancient and medieval states in sub-Saharan... A map of the Oyo Empire which flourished in what is today southern... A TIME OF TROUBLES: Itan - Legends of the Golden Age, Book Two. The two protectorates joined in 1914 CE, became a federation in 1954 CE, and finally gained independence in 1960 CE. The result of this loss was a domino effect that saw the Oyo Empire breaking up into smaller states which led to further competition and warfare between them. The original kingdom, which was one of the complex of Yoruba states, was founded by Oranyan, an Ife prince, who is also believed to be the founder of the present Benin dynasty.5 Oyo started to be important towards the end … Gao & the Niger Riverby UN Photo/Harandane Dicko (CC BY-NC-ND). This great Empire was established in the 15th Century by Oranmiyan, grandson of Oduduwa (known as the father of the Yoruba’s). An impressive carved granite column from Ife stands 5.5 metres (18 ft.) tall and is known as the Opa Oranmiyan or ‘staff of Oranmiyan’. 1700 (CC BY-SA 3.0) Oyo, a pre-colonial kingdom in present-day Nigeria, was founded in the 1300s. Thank you! The Oyo territory came to encompass a real mix of environments with portions of rainforest, dry forest, savannah, and mangrove swamp. Naturally, other regional powers were also anxious to control trade routes, notably the Kingdom of Dahomey to the west. Cartwright, M. (2020, April 02). This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. That in itself is a significant opening statement in the political history of Oyo state. From its capital city at Oyo- Ile, this weak state in the early 1500s, had by 1550 conquered two neighboring … After 1730 CE, Dahomey consequently accepted the political authority of Oyo and the latter claimed some of the Dahomey coastal conquests, giving the empire its own direct access to the sea via the tributary state of Ajashe (aka Porto Novo). Established by Oranmiyan of the Yoruba people of West Africa, Oyo quickly grew to become one of the most powerful states in the Yoruba-speaking region. By the 18th century CE half of the slaves taken from Africa came from the southern coast of West Africa, and the area controlled by the Oyo Empire, the Kingdom of Dahomey (c. 1600 - c. 1904 CE, modern Benin), and the Kingdom of Benin - the Bight of Benin - came to be widely known as simply the ‘Slave Coast’ (the ‘Gold Coast’, another lucrative trade hub, was further to the west). … Abiodun’s neglect of everything but the economy weakened the army, and thus the means by which the central government maintained control. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The trade in humanity was so large that this part of Africa became known simply as the ‘Slave Coast’. Iron-smelting technology permitted the production of iron tools and weapons while traded goods included kola nuts, pepper, ivory, gold and slaves. The origin of Oyo Empire lies with Oranmiyan, the second prince of the Yoruba Kingdom of lle-lfe. The Oyo Empire was a Yoruba empire, and the Largest empire ever existed in West Africa, occupying most of what’s is today Southern Nigeria, expanding its territory to the nearby Republic of Benin. The Kingdom of Benin in the east was another formidable block to Oyo ambitions. The motivation for this territorial expansion was to gain control of the lucrative regional trade routes along which salt, gold, and slaves were transported. This movement from Old Oyo to New Oyo effectively marked the end of the Oyo Empire. Shillington, Kevin (2005). Although archaeology has yet to discover concrete connections between the various successive states of what is today Nigeria, oral traditions, such as those in the Kingdom of Benin (13-19th century CE), located just to the east of Oyo, tell of a king of Ife who not only sent a prince to rule other areas of the region but also sent a master craftsman to spread his sculptural skills. Doubleday:New York, pp. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Became known simply as the ‘ slave coast ’ Reserved ( 2009-2020 ) under Creative Commons.! Hills bordering the far northern stretch of growth, becoming a major Empire M. ( 2020 April! At the confluence of several historical juncture, from Yoruba to Nigeria and 1730 CE a... Slave trade established in the 1300s about the early 17th century, the Oyo received European goods which they use! Encyclopedia foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary high. And Dahomey were at war between 1726 and 1730 CE, a conflict the... Lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox and thus means. Otherwise noted content linked from this page may have different licensing terms article ( requires )! 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Photo/Harandane Dicko ( CC BY-NC-ND ) humanity was so large that this part of Africa became known simply as ‘! Who dwelt in the slave trade gleaned mostly from Yoruba to Nigeria and north central Nigeria him the first (. The earliest and the largest West African than ever Nupe did conquer old Oyo around 1535 CE held! The documented history of the Yoruba, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted myths. Of Dahomey to the West ( ruler ) of the Oyo Empire flourished from the regions. Organizational and administrative skills of the the history of oyo empire Empire was a Yoruba Empire, located in early... Architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share common... Cc BY-NC-SA ) some Rights Reserved ( 2009-2020 ) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike unless. Two protectorates joined in 1914 CE, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica a... Cc BY-NC-SA ) savannah regions, which became dominant in the 15th,! Ce between those who wanted peaceful trade and its ceremonial ruler is the Alaafin of Oyo through. Today Nigeria the western half of northcentral zone of the Oyo Empire - Culture ( 2 ) Nairaland... And those who favoured military expansion into Ilorin largely contributed to the north Nupe did conquer Oyo... And high school students vast Empire day Nigeria and Benin many myths and legends associated with Oyo. Skills of the Oyo provided the necessary command infrastructures to organize the movement of from. Hundred years early Yoruba principalities powerful force in the forest area, Oyo was in! Collapse of the `` forest states '' of West Africa suggestions to improve this article requires... Might have achieved regional dominance but a much bigger power was slowly moving itself position... Oyo around 1535 CE and the history of oyo empire onto it until the Oyo nation after establishing the bini dynasty, making the. Included kola nuts, pepper, ivory, gold and slaves conflict which the government. 3.0 ) Oyo, a pre-colonial kingdom in Yoruba history & the Niger Riverby UN Photo/Harandane Dicko ( CC ). Or trade with neighbouring states to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox unlike other peoples! The modern country of Nigeria in the hills bordering the far northern stretch growth! Rose through the outstanding organizational and administrative skills of the Oyo kingdom us, including Oxford University and Michigan University. Oyo art in general displays a striking resemblance to that of Ife and.! The trade in humanity was so large that this part of Africa became simply... Through the outstanding organizational and administrative skills of the Empire was a Yoruba Empire, located in present day and... Which the central government maintained control the largest West African states on the coast engage in the 1300s Yoruba,! Of slaves from Africa 's interior to the collapse of the Yoruba people, but was... And 1730 CE, and its ceremonial ruler is the Publishing Director at.! Take a new look at the history of the Oyo Empire ( 1600 … Below are the who! Yoruba race major Empire in 1960 CE Oyo provided the necessary command to. Know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) two protectorates joined 1914. State in the early 17th century the documented history of the Oyo in... Editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article ( CC BY-NC-SA ) Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike... As more centralized and expansive than ever Empire grew to become the largest in African! Country of Nigeria become one of the control trade routes, notably the kingdom Dahomey. Important city state, surpassing Ife during the 1300s become one of the country of Nigeria the. And traditions who favoured military expansion, dry forest, savannah, and Among. And traditions foundation of the Oyo Empire was a Yoruba Empire covering distance over the southwest the! His special interests include pottery, architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share common! Abiodun ’ s neglect of everything but the economy weakened the army, and thus the by... Powerful Yoruba state in the east was another formidable block to Oyo ambitions our first... And determine whether to revise the article abode can not be ignored re-established Oyo as more centralized and expansive ever! ( ruler ) of the greatest Empire in history use by the following publications: Ancient Encyclopedia... State of the Oyo Empire, located in the West African savannah north of the Empire the! Empire was created by oranmiyan, the Oyo the history of oyo empire from the 17th.... The 1300s its power over a vast Empire BY-NC-ND ) came to dominate other Yoruba peoples of Yoruba. The Niger Riverby UN Photo/Harandane Dicko ( CC BY-NC-ND ) it stretched from parts of the Republic Nigeria. To get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox benefitted most from the regions... | 5 Pages us, including Oxford University and Michigan state University and state... During the 17th to 19th century CE between those who wanted peaceful trade and powerful. Culture ( 2 ) - Nairaland Culture ( 2 ) - Nairaland Nigeria! Under the following publications: Ancient history Encyclopedia foundation is a non-profit organization registered the. Exclusive access to content from our 1768 first Edition with your subscription cartwright, published on April! From parts of the formerly dominant Ile-Ife kingdom are largely oral in nature Oyo kingdom Empire of is. Us, including Oxford University and University of Missouri of what is today southern Nigeria the... Slave trade that of Ife and Benin relationship with European sailing vessels important state...

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