), Karachi: Pakistan Branch, Oxford University Press Ordered Disorder and the Struggle for the City, tells the story of a city described seven decades ago as the “city of lights”, but now often portrayed as one of the world's most chaotic and dangerous metropolises. From the mid-19th century, Karachi overshadowed Hyderabad as the commercial, educational and administrative centre of Sindh. By 1924 an aerodrome had been built, and Karachi became the main airport of entry to India. The rapidly burgeoning mercantile population, meanwhile, resided in the `black’ part of town in the northwest, an area that comprised Napier Market, Bunder and Old Town. This number had risen to 56,000 by 1872, and kept on growing. When it became the capital after Pakistan’s Independence in 1947, it witnessed the first mass migration as its Hindu and Sikh residents migrated to India, to be replaced by Muslim refugees who had fled that country. Karachi is the capital of the province of Sindh, and the largest city in Pakistan. Its natural harbour was used by indigenous fishermen of the area since prehistory. North Nazimabad was developed as a residential area for federal government employees and was ranked as the most modern town planned in Karachi, designed in the late ’50s by Italian planners and architects, Carlo Scarpa and Aldo Rossi. By 1914 it had become the largest grain exporting port of the British Empire. Home Debal History of Karachi Karachi Krokola Kurtoğlu Hızır Reis Mirza Ghazi Beg Pakistan Sindh Sindhi History of Karachi. By means of the usage of 1852, Karachi has become a base with a populace of 14,000 and a rich remote places exchange. When Napier left, Karachi was made part of the Bombay Presidency.  The Arabs knew it as the port of Debal, from where Muhammad bin Qasim led his conquering force into Sindh (the western corner of South Asia) in AD 712. The plans for a Karachi tramway system were made in February 1881, and work started in October 1884. Then came the ancient Greeks who called this port by many names, including Krokola. And as the ranks swelled, so did the problems faced by the city’s original dwellers. The region around Karachi has been the site of human habitation for millennia. History. Advertisement. The settlement expanded rapidly and was already of significance when it was captured in 1839 by the British, who annexed it in 1842, together with the province of Sindh. Karachi also has a number of large modern shopping malls. The earliest account of the area where Karachi is located can be found in the record books of one of Alexander-the-Great's admirals, who sailed back home from the Greek expedition to India, from a harbor by the Indus delta, known as Krokola. The horses wore straw hats to avoid sunstroke and water for them was provided by the philanthropic "Drinking Trough Society of Karachi." Lahari Bandar or Lari Bandar succeeded Debal as a major port of the Indus it was located close to Banbhore, in modern Karachi. After World War I, manufacturing and service industries were installed. We never knew that there are many museums in Karachi and in all the museums we never knew that there is one museum named a National museum of Pakistan situated in Karachi which give you the glimpse of the history with the help of the things that one could never think about. Their first settlement was near the delta of the Indus River which they named as 'Kolachi’ village. Karachi originally was a small fisherman village settled by the Baloch tribes from Balochistan and Makran. In 1886 the Karachi Port Trust was established as the port authority, and between 1888 and 1910 the East Wharf—186,000 feet in length—was constructed. Mit 14,9 Millionen Einwohnern (2017) ist Karatschi eine der größten Städte der Welt. Historic karachi. Its natural harbour was used by indigenous fishermen of the area since prehistory. Several countries around the world sought to emulate Pakistan’s economic planning strategy, with South Korea copying Karachi’s second ‘Five-Year Plan’ and modeling Seoul’s World Financial Centre after Karachi. Port facilities were improved from 1854 onward. Alexander the Great is said to have encamped here after his campaign in the Indus Valley, and then before he embarked with his fleet on … With the city’s infrastructure already overburdened to the breaking point, fully one-third of these new arrivals were forced to take up residence in urban shantytowns known as katchi abadis, which ordinarily lacked power, running water, or sanitation. Thousands of Biharis and Bengalis arrived in the city, and today Karachi is home to between one and two million migrants from Bangladesh. That was, and is, the insurmountable resilience and never-say-die spirit of the people who call Karachi home. Alexander the Great is said to have encamped here after his campaign in the Indus Valley, and then before he embarked with his fleet on his return to Babylonia. Debal was fortified during the Mughal period to ward off invasions by Portuguese colonial ships, but it was attacked in 1568 by Portuguese Admiral FernÃ£o Mendes Pinto in an attempt to destroy the Ottoman ships anchored at the Debal port. Page 1 _____ Karachi's recorded history is spread over a period of approximately 300 years. In order to protect their village, the Sindhi sailors imported cannons from Oman and Muscat and the local populace constructed a small fort with two gateways. By 1891, statistics showed a population of about 105,000 and by the time the 19th century drew to a close, Karachi had 117,000 inhabitants as of 1901. Upper Paleolithic and Mesolithic sites have been excavated in the Mulri Hills along Karachi's northern outskirts. The one facing the sea was called ‘Kharra Darwaaza’ (Kharadar) while the other gateway faced the Lyari River and was known as ‘Meet’ha Darwaaza’ (Mithadar) — the names for those areas still stand. By 1873 it possessed an efficient and well-managed harbour. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Post History. And in less than 175 years this small fishing village has now become a sprawling megalopolis, with nearly 23 million inhabitants. Along with the settlers from India at Partition — who still refer to themselves as ‘Mohajirs’ — over the years people from other provinces and from interior Sindh continued to pour into Karachi in search of a better livelihood. The history of the Port of Karachi is as old and ancient as the city itself. Then the mega floods of 2010 and 2011 happened. 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